Worldwide, tourism growth has been heterogeneous, due to both global and national societal changes that led to modifications in the tourists’ profiles and travel patterns, affecting host communities’ quality of life, as well as challenging and pressuring those who work in the sector. Regarding tourists, new markets are emerging as the result of new families’ typologies, population ageing, emergent economies, mutant values and lifestyles and the spread of technological changes that allow new ways of searching touristic products and services. Therefore, understanding the profiles, demand patterns, satisfaction levels and behaviours of these new tourists may help destinations to adjust their offer, increase their attraction potential and minimize unwanted tourism impacts.
Likewise, in the 21st Century, tourists look for appealing and remarkable experiences where culture, art, heritage, tangible and intangible, and a close contact with the culture of local communities has gained major importance. With tourism, multiculturalism, as well as cosmopolitanism, increases, giving a new sense to places’ identities and communities’ lifestyles. Many destinations are becoming increasingly attractive to some of the new forms of mobility that somehow challenge the traditional definitions of tourism, including ‘residential tourism’, ‘lifestyle mobilities’, ‘lifestyle migration’, etc. Thus, another challenging research topic is the study of the host communities’ attitudes and behaviours towards the tourism phenomena, since tourism can affect their lives, in a positive or negative way.
Moreover, research should give attention to those working in the hospitality sector, trying to understand their employment and work conditions (namely the effects of seasonality and overwork), satisfaction levels, career expectations, gender discrimination and distress.
Keywords: Tourists’ Well-being; Tourism and residents; Tourism and quality of life; Second home Tourism; Social Impacts of Tourism; Cultural Impacts of Tourism; Health Tourism; Sports and Tourism; Healthy Workplaces in Hospitality; Lifestyle Mobilities and Migration.